In Patanjali’s Yoga Sutras, Niyama is the second limb of the 8 limbs of yoga. Niyama means rules, guideline or observances. Niyama is the practice that you concentrate to yourself and expose to external from within. There are five practices for Niyama includes; Saucha, Santosha, Tapas, Swadhyaya and Ishvara pranidhana.
Saucha – Purity, purity of thought leads to purity of body. The practice is to get rid of negativity in life. The practice of pranayama can help to cleanse the thought and be mindful with where we are and get rid of ungraceful minds that comes into our head and our body and lead to self realization.
Santosha – Contentment, detached from external emotions unowned sad and happiness from external sources and enjoying the moments in conscious. Practicing meditation can leads to realization and detach from external feelings.
Tapas – austerity. To clean the thoughts with consistency and unbroken efforts. The effort to continue practicing even on the time that you do not want to practice. Learning mindfully to concentrate on the practices that you cannot achieve but still continue practice until you can achieve.
Swadhyaya – self study, To observes everything that goes around you, the thoughts, the body, the way you breathe, the way you move or the way you eat. By observing this will leads you to understand yourself better.
Isvara pranidhana – Surrender to a higher consciousness. Surrender your egos once you know yourself you can connect to the pier beyond yourself and surrender will happen. This practice will bring samadhi for the attitude of letting go, practicing the presence the state of samadhi (perfect concentration) will be attained.