Thyroid Gland

Thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland located at the anterior neck. The function of the thyroid gland is to produce thyroid hormones – triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4). These hormones help to regulate the body’s metabolism and effects processes, such as growth, central & peripheral nervous system, menstrual cycle and other important functions of the body.
There are two glands in the brain that play a very important role in the production of thyroid hormones – the hypothalamus and anterior pituitary. The hypothalamus will produce TSH Releasing Hormone (TRH) that will signals the pituitary gland to tell the thyroid to produce more or less of thyroid hormones by either increasing or decreasing the release of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH).
Hypothyroidism is the condition where thyroid gland are underactive and didn’t produce sufficient thyroid hormones to meet the body needs. On the contrary, hyperthyroidism is the condition where the overactive thyroid gland produces too much thyroid hormones.
Asanas that can be practiced in Hypothyroidism:
• Sarvangasana
• Vaparita Karani
• Janu Sirsasana
• Matsyasana
• Halasana
• Marjariasana
• Fast-paced Surya Namaskar
Besides these asanas, pranayama such as Kapalabhati, Anulom Viloma, Bhastrika and Ujjayi breathing can help to reduce hypothyroidism symptoms too.
Asanas recommended for hyperthyroidism:
• Sethu Bandhasana
• Marjariasana
• Balasana
• Savasana
• Slow-paced Surya Namaskar
Pranayama, such as Ujjayi, Bhramari and Anulom Viloma work well in reducing hyperthyroidism symptoms.
Meditation and yoga nidra work well in both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism.
She Hui (200hr YTTC Weekend)

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