The Yamas and my Headstand Practice

I found Yoga Philosophy to be very abstract and difficult to understand when I first came across it during the YTT theory lessons. After thinking them through and reading more about them, I came to appreciate them more and see how they relate to our everyday lives and in my yoga practice.

Particularly, I found myself remembering some of the yamas (Ahimsa, Asteya, and Aparigraha) when I was trying (very hard) to practise my headstand.

Ahimsa – non-violence; to not hurt yourself and others with words or actions

  • I had difficulties in getting both legs up in headstand at first and felt a lot of my weight being pushed onto my head and neck, even though I tried my best to push into my shoulders. I was adamant on getting both legs up that I tried again and again, even when my neck and shoulders were getting sore. I ended up getting a sore neck the following day and I knew that I probably had pushed myself too hard.
  • Remembering ahimsa, we need to take care to not push ourselves over what we can take, and rest when it is needed.

Asteya – non-stealing; freeing oneself of jealous instincts

  • Besides the literal meaning of not committing theft, asteya also means to refrain from coveting others’ possessions, time, abilities etc.
  • In the past, it was common for me to look up from my mat to see how others were doing in a yoga class. Some of them could do advanced poses easily whereas I was struggling as I was not flexible or strong enough. As I grew older (and more mature haha) I began to understand that what others are doing does not matter to me in my own practice.
  • Even so, in trying to achieve headstand, I found myself thinking about how others seem to do it so effortlessly and wishing that I had that ability too. And then I remembered asteya – instead of focusing on my “lack”, I can shift my focus to gratitude. I am thankful that my body allows me to practise yoga and I know it is getting stronger and better every day. Also, as Master Paalu often tells us, we need to believe in ourselves and our capabilities, because it is in us!

Aparigraha – non-attachment; non-grasping; non-possessiveness

  • Aparigraha suggests that we do not accumulate more than we need. This can mean wealth or material goods, or in my interpretation in relation to yoga practice, we do not need to “accumulate asanas”, as if there’s a checklist for us to track how many poses we can do.
  • Greed and accumulation may stem from a fear of not having enough, or not being good enough.
  • Practising aparigraha may also mean reducing or removing the attachment you have to outcomes. Instead of focusing on the destination – a headstand, I can focus on the journey to achieving it. We have been taught in our training that asanas are just the final posture, the movements leading to that are what’s key. And when we have gotten our desired outcomes, we should not be too attached to it and instead remember the journey of getting there (you have worked hard!).

Thanks for reading and hope this will help you to reflect on how you have incorporated the yamas or the other limbs of yoga in your daily life or yoga practice too 🙂

How to include yoga in our daily routine – Part 2

In my previous post, I have talked about 3 ways that requires minimal physical effort or time to implement yoga in my daily life. Now, let’s talk about the physical part, which requires a little more time.
If possible, wake up half an hour to an hour earlier. On days that I only manage to wake up half an hour earlier, can do some simple breathing exercise and stretches to clear the mind and wake up the digestive system.
1. 20x 3 sets of Kapalahbathi breathing
2. Anuloma Villoma (10 times)
3. Uddiyana Bandha (5 times)
4. Paschimottanasana (1 min)
5. Bhujangasana (1 min)
6. Ardha Matsyendrasana (1 min)
7. Show gratitude
If time permits, can add in 6 rounds of sun salutations and a headstand. Finally, end off with relaxation and a simple prayer.
If all else fails, at least do a 3 min headstand daily. This does not take a lot of time and would be more sustainable.

Headstand – King of Asanas!

It’s a love hate relationship when it comes to headstand! Before this, I always thought that headstand is just another fancy BEGINNER’s pose. To my horror, I was so wrong. To be honest, it is not that unachiveable but at the same time it is not as easy as it seems to be.
The benefits of headstand turns out not to be just an instagrammable photo but has a lot more awesome benefits to it. As it activates our pituitary gland, it further regulate other glands like thyroid, adrenal,etc. Through the journey of learning headstand, the numerous falls is nothing to shout about, compared to the patience, strength, concentration and perseverance that I gained.
We emerged to be stronger both mentally and physically and most importantly experienced the generosity of my course mates sharing tips, guidance and spending time to guide those that are still struggling with the pose.
At the time of writing, I still have not perfected my headstand but I know I’m getting close! Fighting 💪🏻

Aligning the Mind in Headstand

The crown chakra (sahasrara) is infamously known to give us access to a higher state of consciousness or intelligence. Headstand (Sirsasana) is a unique pose in yoga, in that it is one of the few poses that directly stimulate the crown chakra, offering us access to a higher state of intelligence.


Yoga makes a clear distinction between the mind (manas) and intelligence (buddhi). Our mind, as metaphorically pointed out by B.K.S. Iyengar, is like a computer and information storer. The mind is clever, but cannot function without memory, and is equipped with a simple instinctual tool – “repeat pleasure and avoid pain”. Unpleasant experiences are stored in the memory as “avoid pain”, which is used by the mind to evaluate an experience and consequently action on. Through this simple binary tool, the mind is governed by mechanisms that resist change.


Intelligence (buddhi) in yoga, however, is the wisdom stored deep in our consciousness. It has the ability to stand independently outside the self and perceive objectively. As such, it differentiates truth (satya) from falsehood, and makes true wisdom possible. By stimulating the crown chakra in headstand, for a short moment through the practice of awareness, we are given the opportunity to glimpse into this wisdom.


The headstand alignment, as described by Iyengar in ‘Light on Yoga’, it that the “lumbar and pelvic region should not be pushed forward, while the trunk from the shoulders to the pelvis should be kept perpendicular”. If you put this to practice, you would soon realize that to get to the perfect alignment, it first feels like you are going to topple over backwards. Our mind, from memory formed by cumulated experiences, would generally tell us not to align the trunk and pelvis in one line; because if it feels like we will fall backwards, then we would most likely fall and the experience would be painful and embarrassing. So the mind would simply decide to “avoid pain” and signal the brain to back off.


A lot of times yogis, like myself, make the most common mistake in headstand, which is to bear the weight of the body in most secure part connected to the floor – our elbows through the strength of the biceps – because the mind through experience knows that the arm is more stable than the head, so the arm should bear the weight. When we do that, the trunk generally tilts forward, out of alignment with the shoulder and the pelvic, causing unnecessary pressure on the lower and middle back. Even though we would have been taught the right alignment, often time the mind takes control by disguising itself as wisdom in order to avoid what it assumes would be a painful experience.


Yoga is a journey through consistent practice. And one of the greatest gifts of the asana practice is the awareness it creates – first with the body, but progressively to our mind, self and intelligence. By cultivating awareness through consistent practice, I started seeing the character of the mind for what it is – simply a collection of past memories. It does not always serve me in the present. And it definitely does not serve me in my headstands.


My daily headstand practice encourages me to push past the decisions made by the mind, to accustom myself to the soft voice of intelligence in order to find the right balance. Beyond the physical asana, it has transformed itself into a deep internal practice of learning to tune in and trust the wisdom from within – to know and trust that I can transfer my weight further back towards the crown of my head.


The asana practice, over time, dives into layers beyond just the body. We all have deep intelligence within us. But sometimes the loud voice of the mind deafens the whispers of true wisdom. The asana practice is like a hearing aid that makes the voice of intelligence audible. To quote B.K.S. Iyengar “It is through the alignment of the body that I discovered the alignment of my mind, self, and intelligence”.


Sunitha Prasobhan (@miss_sunitha), 200hr Yoga TTC Sept 2017


Asana: Headstand (Sirsasana)

Sirsa = head
The headstand was one of the more earlier poses I worked on when I first started practicing yoga. There’s something fun about inversions in general, but to fully conquer and to work on my headstand is one of my biggest goals.
There are many physical and mental benefits to this pose, known as the king of asanas. It has anti aging elements, reduces stress, increases focus, and strengthens your arms, core, and shoulders.
Even though it may seem unnatural at first, when you are upside down in a inversion the blood that is now being redirected from your toes to your head really refreshes your body. Some people even say that frequent headstands can bring color back into grey hair.
There are also many different variations to the headstand, with supported headstand (salamba sirsaasana) being one that beginners usually practice. Dolphin plank is a good way to slowly get yourself used to having the weight on your forearms rather then on your head. This is hugely important as when you are up in headstand, the crown of your head should not feel the pressure of your body as it causes strain on your neck and can cause injuries. So while people may think that arm strength is the key to headstands, I would say that core has a lot to do with it as well. If you can strengthen your core and engage it while you come up, your body will be tight and balanced. If your core is loose, then your body becomes loose, and balance is difficult to maintain.
Of course there are cautions, that being if you have high blood pressure, low blood pressure, back injuries, you’re currently menstruating and pregnant the pose is best to be avoided.
After you come out of the pose its always important to lie in childs pose to let the blood flow return to normal.
Lan Otani 200HR YTT

Inversion Poses

Yoga Poses – Inversion

Yoga inversion poses are Asanas (yoga poses) where feet are raised above the head like headstand (Salamba Sirsasana) or shoulder stand (Salamba Sarvangasana). Practicing inversion poses helps us to see our world in a different angle, an angle that we hardly see; upside down.

The concept behind inversion poses is expressed in yoga texts as Viparita Karani, meaning “opposite process”, which simply means facilitating a different perspective.

Physically, our body is normally supported by our legs and feet but during inversion poses, our body is supported by our hands or/and head. In addition to that, this exercise is more than just a physical change in direction. It also increases our ability to adapt to change instead of being stuck in our everyday habitual state, which increases our capacity for growth and transformation.


Health Benefits of Inversion Poses:

a) it reverses the blood flow in the body and improve circulation as it uses gravity to provide the brain with more oxygen and blood, thus increasing mental functioning, and improving concentration and memory.

b) it gets more blood moving to the brain, which results not only in physical invigoration but mental revitalization as well.

c) it increases core strength: shoulders and arms-especially for women who tend to be stronger in the lower body, inversions create body balance by developing upper body strength. To hold a straight headstand for an extended period of time, we must engage the obliques, the rectus abdominus and the transverse abdominus.


d) inversions stimulate and provide refreshed blood to the pituitary and hypothalamus glands. These glands are vital to our well-being and they also regulate all other glands in the body(thyroid, pineal and adrenals).

e) any fluid that is retained in the feet is able to drain(edema), therefore reducing the onset and prevalence of varicose veins.

f) inversions increase digestive fire and body heat. The intestines are cleansed by reversing the pull of gravity, while releasing congested blood to the colon.

Experiencing the inverted yoga poses personally have progressively amazed me. While I could manage the Halasana(plow pose) and Salamba Sarvangasana (shoulder stand), each time the experience seems to differ: holding the pose while doing the Ujayi breathing and gazing at the right spot all at the same time. And each time the pose becomes more comfortable with more practice.

While I was struggling to get my legs up the in air for Salamba Sirsasana the 1st week of the course, the 2nd week had successfully lifted my legs off the ground(while against the wall). Now that it’s coming to the 3rd week, I’m looking forward to hold this pose without the wall and stay longer at it!

Samantha Loh
200hr weekday
March-April 2014

Your UP means my DOWN??

Inversions… My story…
This was the most daunting aspect of any yoga class I entered. The point where the instructor would say “ Shoulder stand” or “Headstand”, would fill me with fear. Within 10 days of my journey into the 200hr TTC, I was up (or down as the case may be) in a headstand!!
Even though I like very detailed alignment instructions, the first 10 days caused a lot of confusion in my mind… Especially when it came to retracting and bringing the shoulder blades down and away from the ears. So I am going to be upside down, but I should move my shoulder blades down? Or up? Well, finally by about Day 9, my brain caught up with this whole inverted alignment, and somehow, it just happened!!
Slowly over the next few days, the feeling of fear transitioned to amazement and wonder. A few more days into it, I actually started breathing and relaxing. I loved it up there… or down there… and would want to stay inverted as long as my arm strength would let me.
Then I thought, lets try something that even in my wildest dreams would not be a possibility. Pincha Mayurasana and/or Vrischikasana. All of a sudden here I am, fast-forwarding to the last few days of the course, post an awesome preparatory class taught by one of the students (Jane Wei Ling). With the help of some of my fellow classmates (Joseph, Reisal and Pei Ni) and about 15-20 failed attempts, I finally got up (down!!) into something that looked like a hybrid of the elbow stand and the scorpion. At this point, I am trying to better it. A little bit, everyday.
The benefits of inversions are plentiful: (aside from the extreme exhilaration of finally getting there!) Firstly, it is just fantastic to reverse the natural blood flow through gravity, sending fresh oxygen rich blood to your head! Aside from looking positively radiant after an inversion, the increase of blood flow to the brain nourishes the cells, boosting brain power, concentration and awareness. Inversions also alleviate depression, by stimulating and balancing the release of neurotransmitters and hormones in the body through increased blood flow to the pituitary gland. Spinal alignment is increased, digestion is improved and constipation is relieved.
To conclude the topic, I would like wish all my fellow yogis the best of luck wherever you may be in your journey of inversions.
Mayuri Punjabi

Why Sirsasana?

Why Sirsasana?
How does inversions like Sirsasana affect our body? For the first time in my life I did head stand, I loved it and I always long to do the head stand because it makes me feel refreshed and it gives med a sort of balance in both my body and mind.
But how does the inversions really affect our body? People use normally around 10% of their alveolas capacity in a normal daily life.  Through activity you can train your alveolas and use a larger amount of them and you train your heart activity. When you do the Sirsasana or any other asana inversion you reduce the heart rate but increase the stroke volume. This increases the capacity of your breath. The stroke volume is measured in litres per hour. When doing an inverted asana like the sirsasana, the volume of blood per minute is increased and the heart size increases and this makes the strokes bigger and stronger to be able to transport the blood throughout your body’s system.  Inverted positions could be compared with an upright standing position, just to give a reference, where the blood pressure decreases which leads to that less blood and oxygen is transported to the brain. When you go upside down to do a head stand you take take shallow long breaths, keep steady, put weight on your elbows and the dristi, gaze, on your nose tip, tight core muscles and strong but relaxed legs.
The inversions not only improves your heart, thanks to the anti gravity inverted asanas can have anti aging effect too. And it helps you balance and stay focused.
The Sirsasana is a perfect asana to improve your oxygen uptake, improve your hearts capacity and to make you feel rejuvenated.
Sirsasana Headstand

Sirsasana: The Infamous Headstand

It seems like everyone has an opinion about Sirsasana.  Either it is one of their favorite, most restorative and calming asanas or they struggle enormously with it.  I fall into the first category.  Ever since I was a child, I loved hanging upside down.  I was always upside down in trees, on monkey bars, on couches.  Since my mom practiced yoga, she taught my sister and me how to do headstands early on.  Ever since, I’ve been hooked.
I think one of the things I love about Sirsasana are the options: you can get into it in a variety of ways; you have options about your hands; you can play with muscles, alignment, and movements while you hold; you can come back to your feet as you please.  Depending on my mood and what my body is asking for, I will hold my arms in tripod (and even there, you have options!), keep my elbows snug around my ears, or push myself with my arms outstretched.  If I’m feeling like wiggling my hips, I can flex my knees and use the weight of my feet to pull my hips forward and back.  If I’m feeling like really engaging my core, I can open my legs in a splits position and rotate them, one leg front, one back, then switch.  Or, if I’m looking for focus and stillness, I can practice balance, listening to my breath, and gazing ahead of me.
Being inverted helps me find my balance, helps me take the weight off my feet and knees hips and spine.  It helps my heart pump blood to my brain and thyroid and lungs.  It helps my internal organs to get a little room in their cave.  It calms my nervous system, washing my cells with parasympathetic hormones.  When I come out, I feel like I’ve accomplished something.  I held an asana that is challenging, I gave my heart some help, I flooded my brain with oxygen and nutrients.  I feel strong, focused, and clear.
(I’m not going to describe the process of coming into Sirsasana, as it’s an asana that really should be done with the help of a teacher until you develop the confidence to do it on your own.)

Sirsasana (Headstand)

Sirasana (sirsa = head) or Headstand is an inverted pose which reverses the action of gravity on the body. Inversions turn everything upside down, allowing us to experience a different perspective. The increased blood flow to the brain brings increased oxygen and nutrient to the mind thereby improving the clarity of thought and ease of concentration.


–   The increased blood flow to the brain stimulates the pituitary gland which revitalises the mind and central nervous system. The pituitary gland is considered a “master gland” which controls the function of the endocrine system including the thyroid, adrenal gland, ovaries and testes. These glands in turn regulate metabolism, growth, blood pressure, sexuality and other fundamental body functions. An imbalance of the secretion of the various hormones produced by the pituitary gland can lead to many serious disorders of the endocrine system. 

–   The inverted pose ensures good venous return where the blood will return under gravity without the need for muscular activity. Below the level of the heart, pumps are used to bring blood back up to its level. These skeletal muscle pumps are found in the veins. Contraction of skeletal muscle squeezes blood through them and because they are one-way valves, blood only moves in one direction, towards the heart. Therefore it is necessary to have muscle activity whenever we are upright in order to ensure good venous return. By performing the headstand, the venous return increases and the additional blood stretches the walls of the ventricles. When that happens, the stretched muscle fibers in the ventricles automatically pump more strongly, thus increasing the cardiac output. It resembles the cardio-vascular activity achieved while exercising.

–   The pose helps to relieve anxiety and other psychological disorders.

–   The final position requires muscles in the neck, shoulders, arms, back and abdomen to be active, which strengthens and revitalises the entire body. It strengthens the core muscles and uppper body.

–   The inversion changes the effect of gravity on the body, which has an important effect on blood circulation to the legs and head.

–   The pose increases pressure on the diaphragm which aids deep exhalation to expel waste gases and bacteria from the lungs and can relieve the daily effects of gravity on the spine.

–   The inversion encourages an upward flow of energy, from the Muladhara Chakra (root chakra) to the Sahasrara Chakra (crown chakra). It helps to awaken the Sahasrara chakra (Crown chakra) which is deemed as the most important Chakra intimately connected to, and influencing, all other chakras and controlling consciousness.

Getting into the pose:

1.         Kneel down on the mat. Rest your weight on the forearms and wrap the hands around the elbows. Release the hands, place them in front of you, and form a triangle by interlacing the fingers. Form a cup with the palms. (Note: These steps set the foundation for a stable headstand.)

2.         Rest the crown of the head on the mat, so that the back of the head touches the palms.

3.         Raise the knees, tuck the toes under, straigthen the knees and raise your hips (visualise a downward dog). Without bending the knees, walk the feet towards the head, gradually bringing the weight of the body onto the head. Pull your hips back so that your neck is not bent backward or forward, but is in a straight line with the spine.

4.         When the feet are as close to the head as possible, lift them off the floor (one by one or both with control), bend the kness and slowly bring the thighs close to the chest.

5.         Once stability is achieved in Step 4, slowly raise both knees using your abdominal muscles and point the knees toward the ceiling until the hips are facing forward, the thighs are vertical and the knees are aligned with the buttocks.

6.         If comfortable, slowly straighten the legs so that the head, trunk, back of the thighs and the heels are in a straight line perpendicular to the floor. This is the final position. Relax the legs and feet. Keep the back active to support the spine and hold it straight. Relax the mind and breathe normally.

Contraindications: High and low blood pressure; Glaucoma; Detached retina; Haemorrhaging or other brain disorders; Chronic or acute neck pain.