Pranayama is the yogic practice of focusing on breath. Prana means “vital life force”, and yama means to gain control. In yoga, breath is associated with the prana, thus, pranayama is a means to elevate the Prana shakti, or life energies.
I have done some research on breathing techniques of Sama Vritti,
In Sanskrit, ‘sama‘ means ‘equal,’ ‘vritti‘ means ‘rotation/flow,’. Sama Vritti Pranayama is part of the yoga practice that teaches one to breath in four steps. This kind of breathing in English is called the Square Breathing or sometimes called Four Parts Even Breathing. (Nose) / boxing breathing
The four steps or the breathing cycle is given below:
- Puraka (Inhalation)
- Antar Kumbhaka (Retention after Inhalation)
- Rechaka (Exhalation)
- Bahya Kumbhaka (Retention after Exhalation)
Without changing anything observe the natural inhalation, the exhalation and the natural pauses between each breath.
- Begin with an exhale for the count of four.
- Hold on the exhale for the count of four.
- Inhale for the count of four.
- Hold on the inhale for the count of four.
It can help you to cope with panic and stress when feeling overwhelmed. It helps you to sleep when you are having insomnia. To control hyperventilation as you can instruct your lungs to breathe rhythmically. To stay focused when you are having a busy or stressful day. (Focusing the mind helping to remove distractions making it easier to concentrate and meditate.) Refining the breath and awareness of prana flow. Conscious inhalation of equal duration helps to improve the capacity of the lungs. It helps to energize the sleeping cells of the body. Long and deep inhalation (Puraka) build strong awareness. When Prana consciously held inside the body for equal counts its capacity to charge other organs increased automatically. It distributes the energy equally to all the organs of the body.