Mudra in sanskrit means seal, a sign or a gesture. Some of these gestures can involve the entire body, but most are performed with the hands and fingers. It is a spiritual gesture.
While performing Asanas and Prana Yama, Mudras will retain the Prana (the breath) allowing a better concentration and strength. Mudras are a way of creating balance in the body and redirect the flow of energy within the body.
There are different kinds of Mudra, and each of them have a different effects on the body. Below are some examples of Hasta Mudras (Mudras of the hands):
Chin Mudra is done with two hands lying on the knees, the palms facing up. It symbolizes union. In sanskrit, Chin means consciousness. The Index finger represents the individual consciousness and the thumb the universal consciousness. Bringing them together is joining the human consciousness and the divine consciousness. It will help to refocus and energize:
Anjali Mudra is a prayer gesture that express respect, it allows to concentrate. Hands are close to the heart, joining both palms together activates both left and right hemispheres of the brain and means unification, honoring practitioner and receiver. Anjali means offering; it is also a centering pose in yoga that helps to concentrate:
Yoni Mudra: Yoni means uterus. It symbolizes fertility and feminine energy, the origin of life. This gesture allows stability and concentration:
Kali Mudra: Kali is a fierce goddess of destruction of the darkness to bring new light. This gesture helps to detoxifying and evacuating stress. In certain Asanas, it can also help straightening the spine and opening the shoulders:
Bowing to you,